In Hebrews chapter 1 the author is speaking of the Kingdom of God.
He mentions that they were currently living in the last days and he starts quoting from Psalm 45 and Psalm 102. He writes...
“You, Lord, in the beginning laid the foundation of the earth, And the heavens are the work of Your hands. THEY WILL PERISH, but You remain; And they will all grow old like a garment; Like a cloak You will fold them up, And they will be changed. But You are the same, And Your years will not fail.” Hebrews 1:10-12
Now, most of us understand what he was saying. He was very close to the end of the age and the consummation of the Kingdom age.
So what "heavens" and what "earth" is he speaking of?
What "heavens and earth" would PERISH?
What "heavens and earth" would "grow old like a garment"?
Clearly this is NOT LITERAL.
Clearly, we all understand this to be speaking of God's Old Covenant order and people. That whole arrangement would vanish. It would be removed. He wouldn't remember it anymore. He would make a New Covenant with a NEW Jerusalem.
We see Isaiah speak of this day in chapter 51 where he says...
"And I have put My words in your mouth; I have covered you with the shadow of My hand, That I may plant the heavens, Lay the foundations of the earth, And say to Zion, ‘YOU ARE MY PEOPLE.’”
So God says He would plant the "heavens" and lay the foundations of the "earth" and say to Zion, "YOU ARE MY PEOPLE".
We can see this same imagery here as Isaiah is looking ahead to the day when God would create this NEW Jerusalem and would plant a new heavens and earth and say YOU ARE MY PEOPLE.
We also see this even more clearly when we get to Isaiah 65 verse 17. Isaiah had just gotten done speaking of Old Covenant Israel and how she would starve and thirst. He contrasts that to New Covenant Israel and how she would eat and drink. When Isaiah gets to verse 17 he says "AND I SAW A NEW HEAVEN AND A NEW EARTH, AND THE FORMER WILL BE REMEMBERED NO MORE."
Lastly, in Revelation 21 wee see John in the first verse, see the New Heavens and the New Earth. He also says that the FIRST heaven and earth had "passed away".
Not second, not third, but the FIRST heaven and earth had passed away.
"Now I saw a new heaven and a new earth, for the first heaven and the first earth had passed away." Rev 21:1
That is because again, this is speaking of a Covenant order and a Covenant people.
There have only been 2 Covenant orders made by God.
1) The Old Heaven and Earth
2) The New Heaven and Earth
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