In scripture we see the term "heaven and earth" used a good bit.
The term has a few different meanings and we must be sure we are understanding it in it's proper context. Context drives meaning always.
Many times, this term is used to represent the following things..
- God's relationship to His Covenant people (example: Heaven (God) joining to earth (people) )
- God's way of dealing with His Covenant people (example: The Law)
- God's Covenant people themselves (example: Israel)
Moses, when addressing the Israelites, actually calls out to them and refers to the people as "heaven and earth". Here is the passage from the end of Deuteronomy 31 and into the start of Deuteronomy 32....
"Then Moses spoke in the hearing of ALL THE ASSEMBLY OF ISRAEL the words of this song until they were ended: “Give ear, O HEAVENS, and I will speak; And hear, O EARTH, the words of my mouth. Let my teaching drop as the rain, My speech distill as the dew"
Now if you want to believe Moses was telling the literal ground and literal sky to listen to his words and pay attention to the words of his mouth, that is fine. But the text says exactly who he was addressing.
He was addressing, "ALL THE ASSEMBLY OF ISRAEL"
In Isaiah chapter 1 we see more of this when Isaiah is speaking to God's Covenant people about the wickedness of Judah who was playing the harlot repeatedly...
"Hear, O HEAVENS, and give ear, O EARTH! For the Lord has spoken: “I have nourished and brought up children, And they have rebelled against Me; The ox knows its owner And the donkey its master’s crib; But Israel does not know, My people do not consider.”
Again, easy to see that Isaiah is addressing people and yet again he refers to them as "heaven and earth" and tells them to LISTEN TO HIM.
Which is why in the start of the story, when we see God form man out of dust and bring this man out from a world full of darkness and into God's presence, we read the following...
"These are the generations of the HEAVENS AND THE EARTH when they were created, in the day that the Lord God made the earth and the heavens." Genesis 2:4
God had called a unique people out of a world full of pagan worship and darkness and had brought them into His presence. Into the garden where they dwelled and walked with God. Genesis says "these are the GENERATIONS of the heavens and the earth when they were created".
As we proceed into Genesis immediately after this declaration in Genesis 2:4 what do we see? We see the story of the GENERATIONS of PEOPLE. God's chosen people. From Adam to Abel, to Seth, to Noah, to Abraham and on and on. These were the GENERATIONS of God's COVENANT PEOPLE. These were the generations of the Heavens and the Earth.
And alas we see Isaiah the prophet in chapter 65 when foreseeing and describing the sufferings of Old Covenant Israel in her last days and comparing their sufferings to the joy of the NEW COVENANT people that God would create, Isaiah says...
“For behold, I create NEW HEAVENS AND A NEW EARTH;
And the former shall not be remembered or come to mind.
But be glad and rejoice forever in what I create;
For behold, I create Jerusalem as a rejoicing,
And her people a joy.
I will rejoice in Jerusalem,
And joy in My people;
The voice of weeping shall no longer be heard in her,
Nor the voice of crying."
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